What is FAA Part 91? Understanding Operations & Requirements

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December 28, 2022

Yves

If you are a private jet owner or frequent passenger, you know that many conveniences come with flying private. What you may not know is that there are certain operations and regulations in place that determine how a private jet operates and factor into what you can expect from your flight experience.

Depending on how an owner uses a private jet, they have various sets of regulations they need to follow. One example is Part 91. Whether you are an owner of a jet or looking for an operator that fits your needs, it is important that you understand what Part 91 is and why it matters.

What Is Part 91?

Part 91 refers to Part 91 of Title 14 of the FAA Code of Federal Regulations, which are a set of guidelines for general aviation operations. These guidelines are essential for owners, operators, and flight schools and influence operations for private jet charter, fractional ownership and aircraft management. Part 91 operations are reserved for non-commercial operations, meaning there is no exchange of money for being a passenger or transporting goods.

As a result, Part 91 is reserved for individual owners and businesses that only use their aircraft for personal or private purposes. No owners are allowed to operate their plane for hire unless they obtain an entirely different certification. Because Part 91 does not refer to commercial use, it is the least restrictive when compared to other regulations, like Part 135.

Under Part 91 operations, the owner of the aircraft is entirely responsible for the aircraft and ensuring they operate it properly. These regulations are in place to preserve the safety of the aircraft owner, passengers and the general public.

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What Are the Part 91 Requirements?

For a private jet owner or operator to obtain Part 91 FAA certification, they must meet a specific set of criteria. These criteria range from pilot requirements and flight operation to standards for aircraft maintenance. These requirements ensure that the plane remains under safe operation.

In order to operate an aircraft under Part 91, the owner is responsible for ensuring that the pilot and flight crew meet the appropriate qualifications, like a designated amount of training and a familiarity with the aircraft manual. The owner should also ensure the aircraft receives routine maintenance and inspections, with an additional focus on maintaining safety technology onboard the aircraft. Meanwhile, the FAA mandates that owners keep all maintenance and flight records.

During flights, operators must follow specific procedures and have essential emergency equipment onboard. Operators should also have checklists onboard that specify necessary procedures crewmembers should follow throughout the flight. Part 91 also provides guidance on how to operate in various weather conditions and how to operate under visual flight rules (VFR) and instrument flight rules (IFR).

Choose a Trusted Operator

Altogether, Part 91 is in place to protect passengers, pilots, and the public and has important safety implications. However, it is not the most restrictive set of regulations in private aviation. To learn more about Part 91 operations and how they compare to other certifications, contact Jet Agency today. 

Whether you fly with Jet Agency or trust us to manage your aircraft, you can take comfort in our strict and uncompromising safety procedures. We follow some of the highest safety standards in the industry in order to meet all FAA requirements and go above and beyond with additional certifications. 

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